Biodiversity and ecosystems

Forests are home to up to 80% of the world’s land-based animal and plant species. They provide benefits – such as regulating water and absorbing carbon – and over 2 billion people rely on them for food and other services. Despite this, more than 7.5 million hectares of forests are permanently lost every year due to deforestation, contributing to an estimated 15% of all GHG emissions.

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Why is this important to our stakeholders? +
Why is this important to Mondi? +
Our commitments & performance +
biodiversity.jpg (1) Driving future-focused forest research +
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  • Efforts to stem the loss of biodiversity have not yet proven effective1 and climate change adds to the uncertainties, directly harming wildlife and habitats2
  • The last remaining intact forest landscapes, like those in Russia, face increasing pressure from human activities; sustainable management of secondary boreal forests is crucial to balance conservation and wood fibre production
  • Responsible stewardship of freshwater ecosystems is vital to meet the water needs of communities and business, especially in waterstressed areas such as South Africa

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  • Wood is one of our primary raw materials and access to sustainable and responsible sources is essential to our business
  • We manage 2.1 million hectares of natural boreal forests in Russia and approximately 254,000 hectares of landholdings with plantation forests in South Africa
  • We must secure the long-term productivity of forests and maintain the water, soils, biodiversity and social value of our production landscapes

Our commitments

  • Promote ecosystem stewardship in the landscapes where we operate through continued multi-stakeholder collaboration

Our performance

  • Extended the work of the WWF-Mondi Partnership in South Africa and Russia and carried out a 10-year review of our local partnerships, Silver Taiga and MENP
  • Continued to actively support collaborations, including New Generation Plantations, Boreal Forest Platform, The Forest Dialogue, Cambridge Institute of Sustainability Leadership, Natural Capital Impact Group, High Conservation Value Resource Network, WBCSD Forest Solutions Group and International Union of Forest Research Organisations


In focus Driving future-focused forest research

In September 2017, Mondi hosted an open dialogue at the 125th Anniversary Congress of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO)1, which set out to identify strategies and options for long-term, structured collaboration between business and science, aimed at moving closer to achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The dialogue between business and science continued throughout 2018. There was a joint NGP-IUFRO session arranged at the ICPF2018 in China, which maintained momentum for science and the forest sector to continue narrowing down a list of critical topics for focused engagement. We supported the international scientific conference ‘Cool Forests at risk?/IBFRA18’, hosted in Austria by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), together with other scientific networks2. The conference focused on exploring the links between climate change, bioeconomy, and people and the Cool Forests (boreal and mountain forests).

The importance of Cool Forests for regulating climate was considered, as well as the type of adaptive management that will be needed to manage climate impacts on Cool Forests in the future. The conference brought scientists from all over the world, along with global NGOs and forest companies, to develop joint messages for consideration by policy makers.

We will continue researching climate-related risks both internally within our main wood sourcing areas and with our scientific partners. Our main focus is on climate change impacts affecting the growth and resilience of forests.

2) The conference was organised by the International Boreal Forest Research Association (IBFRA), the Pan-Eurasian
Experiment (PEEX), and IIASA, supported by IUFRO.

Related case studies

What is an Intact Forest Landscape?

What is a High Conservation Value (HCV) area?

Conserving biodiversity in South Africa

Conserving biodiversity in Russia

Evolution of the WWF-Mondi Water Stewardship Partnership


  • Target 6.6 By 2020, protect and restore waterrelated ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
  • Target 8.4 Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10‑Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production, with developed countries taking the lead
  • Target 11.4 Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage
  • Target 12.2 By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
  • Target 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • Target 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
  • Target 15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
  • Target 15.8 By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species
  • Target 15.9 By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts
  • Target 17.17 Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships